Birth Videos

So many of us are filled with imagery of births as medical emergencies or otherwise painful, screaming, or distressing visions. These videos of various hospital and home births offer a new perspective and help us imagine that there are many, many possibilities for what birth “looks like”.

French Woman Giving Birth With Joy

A couple of things about this powerful birth:

  1. Notice her perineum. That stretch! The body is made to do this. It will stretch out, and stretch back. We’ve talked about Perineal Massage on the site, but here’s a visual aid for how a vaginal birth without lots of interventions can reduce perineal trauma and pelvic floor damage. For more information, see here.
  2. Consider how little movement and action there is in this film. The mom is free to take on any position that is comfortable to her, and she is calm. The birthing assistants (the doctor or partner, and the second doctor / midwife / nurse) are supporting her, but otherwise not doing much at all. After mom has delivered the shoulders, the male birth partner places the baby on mom’s chest. But there’s no pulling the head, suctioning, episiotomy… mom delivers baby without much assistance!

Natural Unassisted Homebirth

Birth of Sloane

A gentle film of a home birth from Natasha Hance.

Welcoming Theodore

A gorgeous depiction of sibling support during birth. “Waiting, birthing and welcoming Theodore into his new family of five. A homebirth in Tennessee. 9lbs 9oz” via

Arden’s Labor

The calm birth of Arden, or “Sugarbaby” as some of the commenters have asserted, is via the TheLeakyBoob.

Happy watching!!

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13 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Human Birth

Robbie Gonzalez of io9 published a fantastic super list on the 13 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Human Birth. Posted with permission, please enjoy reading the full article!

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13 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Human Birth

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Everyone on Earth has been through it, but there’s a lot about birth that you’re probably unfamiliar with. Here’s thirteen facts about the human birthing process you may not have picked up in biology class.

13. In An Alternate Timeline, Birth Might Have Been Aided By Centrifugal Force

In the 1960s, inventors Charlotte and George Blonksy devised an “apparatus for facilitating the birth of a child by centrifugal force.” The device, which is picture at the top of the post anddescribed in further detail here, was designed to “assist and supplement” the natural efforts of the mom, who is strapped into the apparatus, “so that such centrifugal force and her efforts act in concert to overcome the action of resisting forces and facilitate the delivery of the child. Blessedly, the “Blonksy Device” never really caught on.

12. Postpartum Depression Isn’t Always Postpartum, or Depression

The New York Times reported on the growing body of research that suggests mental illness in new mothers and moms-to-be is not only more common than once believed, but more varied. Recent findings challenge the view that symptoms begin in the weeks immediately following childbirth, and that those symptoms are limited to ones of depression:

In fact, depression often begins during pregnancy… and can develop any time in the first year after a baby is born… In the year after giving birth, studies suggest, at least one in eight and as many as one in five women develop symptoms of depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder or a combination. In addition, predicting who might develop these illnesses is difficult, scientists say. While studies are revealing clues as to who is most vulnerable, there are often cases that appear to come out of nowhere.

…Depression [during] pregnancy can be missed because symptoms like trouble sleeping and moodiness also occur in pregnant women who are not depressed. And doctors have historically been taught in medical school that “women don’t get depressed during pregnancy because they are happy,” said Dr. Katherine L. Wisner, a professor of psychiatry and obstetrics at Northwestern University.

11. Babies Born In Space Would Likely Have Problems

Pregnant rats that are sent to space give birth to pups on Earth with an impaired sense of direction. They struggle with basic orientation, and have difficulty righting themselves when thrown into water. The pups do, however, tend to be better at processing orientations common during weightlessness, suggesting that a baby gestated and born in space might actually have an easier time navigating their zero-G environment than one born here on Earth.

That being said, there’s reason to believe that children raised in space would face considerable developmental challenges. That’s assuming, of course, that it’s even possible to become pregnant in space. Sperm do weird things in aberrant gravitational environments.

10. Part of Your Microbiome Is Planted During Birth

Image by Lauren Davis, sources via Shutterstock

Every one of our bodies is an ecosystem, home to an estimated 100-trillion bacteria called, collectively, our “microbiome.” Many of the microbes found in a baby’s gut are believed to be acquired during birth, when an infant is exposed to the microbe-rich environments of their mothers’ vagina and intestines.

9. But Your Microbiome May Also Begin Taking Shape Before You’re Born

It was long assumed that fetuses developed in a sterile womb and took on their first bacterial tenants during birth, upon exposure to the microbial communities mentioned above. But in the last decade or so, several studies have called the concept of the sterile womb into question. Increasingly, scientists are beginning to suspect that women actually “seed” their fetuses’ microbiomes with bacterial populations prior to birth, during pregnancy. The means of bacterial transmission, the makeup of these foundational populations, and the degree to which an unborn baby’s nascent microbiome can be targeted for manipulation remains less clear.

8. The Placenta Is a Lot Like Your Mouth

One piece of evidence that fetuses may acquire bacteria in the womb was the discovery,published in May, that DNA from a variety of microbes can be found in the placentas of healthy pregnant women. More intriguing still: when researchers compared the placental microbiomes of pregnant women to the skin, oral, nasal, vaginal, and gut microbiomes from nonpregnant controls, they found that the microorganismal makeup of the placenta most closely resembled that of the mouth. (A fascinating, if widely overhyped, observation.)

7. Bringing a Child to Term Costs More in America Than Anywhere Else

According to a survey conducted by Truven Health Analytics on behalf of the New York Times,charges for delivery have about tripled in the U.S. since 1996.`

6. The U.S. Also Has The Highest First-Day Infant Death Rate In the Industrialized World

Via Save the Children’s State of the World’s Mothers 2013 Report:

Only 1 percent of the world’s newborn deaths occur in industrialized countries, but the newborn period is still the riskiest time, no matter where a baby is born, with the first day being the riskiest time of all in most, if not all, countries. The United States has the highest first-day death rate in the industrialized world. An estimated 11,300 newborn babies die each year in the United States on the day they are born. This is 50 percent more first-day deaths than all other industrialized countries combined.

5. America’s Stats: Bad For Moms, Too

Research published in the May issue of The Lancet illustrates how the surprising disparity in birthing safety applies to mothers, as well. Tracy Cassel summarizes The Lancet’s review in a recent post at Evolutionary Parenting, where she notes that a mother is more likely to die from childbirth-related problems in America than Albania:

In 1990, the USA was ranked 22 in maternal health and mortality. This year, the USA ranks 60th after dropping from 50th in the last assessment. In fact, the US is one of only 8 countries to have seen a rise in maternal morality, up from 17.6 in 2003 to 18.5 deaths/100,000 in 2013 (the other 7 were Afghanistan, Belize, El Salvador, Guinea-Bissau, Greece, Seychelles, and the South Sudan). In 1987 that number was 7.2/100,00.

…Canada and New Zealand have maternal mortality rates that are half of the USA. The UK has one that is a third. Australia’s is a quarter of the USA’s. Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, Kuwait, Lebanon, Iran, and Serbia all have rates that are lower than that of the USA.

4. Birth Is Surprisingly Risky

Birth is a high-risk affair for mammals, in general, but it’s especially so for humans. The constraints of the narrow human pelvis, thought to be an evolutionary tradeoff of walking on two legs, combined with the exceptionally large heads of human babies, makes human birth especially difficult, and therefore dangerous, compared to other animals.

3. So Where Are Moms Least Likely To Face Birth Risks?

13 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Human Birth

Photo Credit: Moyan Brenn | CC BY 2.0

That would be Iceland – home to gorgeous vistas, crazy-maned ponies and maternal mortality rates of just 2.4/100,000 (roughly 1/8th that of the U.S.).

2. Human Labor Is Also Exceptionally Long (And Painful)

13 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Human Birth

Image Credit: Dr. Cheryll Knott via

To accommodate big-headed babies, a human’s cervix has to dilate a lot – about three times wider than it does in apes. Not only does greater cervical dilation require more time, these later stages of dilation are also more painful. As the Mayo Clinic notes, the beginning stages cervical dilation are so mild that many women report feeling perfectly content to continue going about their daily lives. It’s further along in childbirth, as the body prepares for active labor by dilating the cervix to 8, 9, or more than 10 centimeters across, that humans experience the most pain.

1. At One Point In Life, We All Looked Like Admiral Ackbar

In 2011, researchers were first able to acquire scans of a baby’s face, taken between the second and third months of fetal development, and combine them into the morphing animation you see here. Ever wonder where the dimple above your lip comes from? Wonder no more.

Check out the post here, as well as the endless stream of content on io9 posted daily! 

“Morning Sickness” vs. Hyperemesis Gravidarum

Photo by Mikaela Wapman

Photo by Mikaela Wapman

Pregnancy-related Nausea or “Morning Sickness”

Pregnancy-related nausea is a common enough concept for most of us: nausea and vomiting during the first trimester, food aversions, and beyond.

Morning sickness – a misnomer, as it’s symptoms strike throughout the day for most women –  usually begins around the 6th week of pregnancy and tends to last for the duration of the first trimester (or until around the 14th week), but many women don’t experience relief from the symptoms for another month or so. And some women don’t feel a lessening of symptoms until they give birth, or somewhere around 40 weeks.

Pregnancy-related nausea affects over 70% of all pregnant womenAccording to Baby Center, more than half of pregnant women experience both nausea and vomiting, a quarter experience only nausea, and the remaining quarter are don’t experience any form of “morning sickness”.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum

Hyperemesis Gravidarum (HG) is a severe form of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy that is characterized by “unrelenting, excessive pregnancy-related nausea and/or vomiting that prevents adequate intake of food and fluids”. If HG is severe enough, or untreated, it can be associated with:

  • loss of greater than 5% of pre-pregnancy body weight (usually over 10%)
  • dehydration and production of ketones
  • nutritional deficiencies
  • metabolic imbalances
  • difficulty with daily activities

While the majority of women experience some form of morning sickness, around 1-3% of women are hospitalized for HG. That may seem pretty low, but these statistics offer very limited information, as many of the women who suffer from HG are treated as outpatients with mild to severe symptoms. – a website devoted to raising awareness about HG – goes on to say,

There are reports from hundreds, if not thousands, of women who terminated out of desperation when given the diagnosis of morning sickness and given inadequate treatment. One study by Zhang, et al of 1867 women found a 10.8% incidence of severe vomiting. Many women are not represented in current statistics which only report the number of women hospitalized as inpatients. HG is not a rare disorder.

Like more moderate forms of pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting, symptoms from HG can resolve around 21 weeks, though – for less than half of these women – can last for the duration of the pregnancy. The effects of all forms of HG are severe: considering the cost of additional doctor’s visits, outpatient care, consultations, and treatments for consultations, the annual cost could reach to one billion dollars.

Beyond the financial effects of HG are the emotional and psychological impacts: family relationships are disrupted, women could be “misdiagnosed by a disease erroneously presumed to be psychological”, and women could lose their jobs because of the debility. 

While there is no known prevention of HG, there are many ways to alleviate and manage the symptoms. These include: bed rest, acupressure, herbs (ginger or peppermint), IV fluids to restore lost hydration, electrolytes, vitamins and nutrients, tube feeding, and medications.

Distinguishing between Pregnancy-Related Nausea and HG:

Pregnancy-related nausea is what is commonly referred to as morning sickness. Symptoms of those suffering from Hyperemesis Gravidarum are generally more severe, as is depicted in the chart below (source: www.helpher.orgAmerican Pregnancy).

Why do we have pregnancy-related nausea, anyways?

Theories regarding the etiology of pregnancy-related nausea and HG are inconclusive. This is partially because pregnancy-related nausea and HG are influenced by a number of factors, and may vary among women depending on their biological makeup (genetics), body chemistry, and general health.

Theories regarding the cause of  pregnancy-related nausea and HG center on hormonal changes (increase in estrogen during pregnancy) and physical changes (relaxed esophageal sphincter) during pregnancy, since the time period is restricted to pregnancy.

Other half-witted theories include: one’s psychological state may be related to the development of pregnancy-related nausea and HG. In this vein, women who are frustrated, depressed, isolated, and / or have feelings of helplessness are more likely to experience pregnancy-related nausea or HG. Understandably, others respond by pointing to the fact that most, if not all women experience psychological effects (frustration, anger, depression, isolation, and feelings of helplessness) secondarily to  pregnancy-related nausea and HG.

At present moment, there are no conclusive theories as to the etiology of pregnancy-related nausea and HG. Click here to learn more about the many theories of pregnancy-related nausea and HG’s etiology.

Narratives from HG

To get a sense of what Hyperemesis Gravidarum (HG) can look like, check out Huffington Post ‘s post What It Really Feels Like to Have Hyperemesis Gravidarum”. An account of a third time mom who experienced HG so severe that she was hospitalized for 11 days, and spent the remaining duration of her pregnancy receiving IV fluids and medications for HG through a PICC line and stomach pump. Alexa continues,

One of the worst things about HG is how isolating it is. I cannot go out, cannot even talk on the phone for a long time because it makes me feel sick. I cannot cook, everything smells terrible to me, and even walking to the bathroom makes me vomit most days. I also have ptyalism, which is hyper-salivation, and swallowing it makes me vomit too, so I am constantly spitting into a cup. I feel disgusting.

Her account ends happily, with her giving birth to a 9 pound, 11 oz son (described by her OB as “the world’s most effective parasite”). For her, her HG improved after about 22 weeks of pregnancy, though she is the first to remind us that “far too many sufferers are severely ill until they give birth”. Read the whole thing here

For more information on Hyperemesis Gravidarum, visit and